When a business is looking for a long-term, fixed rate loan for
major asset purchases, a good financing vehicle for that is the SBA 504 loan program. Proceeds from these loans
must be used to purchase fixed assets such as land and improvements to buildings, streets, utilities, parking lots
and landscaping. The loan can also be used to construct a new building and purchase machinery and equipment. If new
equipment is bought, it has to have a useful life and for at least ten years.
The 504 SBA Loan operates as a partnership between a third party
lender, a certified development company and the borrower. These types of loans offer many benefits to business
owners, including low down payments, below market fixed interest rates and long-term financing.
There are several criteria for qualifying for a loan, including
the fact that the business must be a for-profit company with a net worth of less than $7 million. The SBA also sets
caps on the net income of the business. The business applicant has to be the primary user of a facility, with a
minimum percentage of 51 percent for an existing building, and 60 percent for a new building. A new job has to be
created for every $35,000 provided by a Certified Development Company. Passive investment companies, non-profit
companies, lending institutions and real estate development companies are not eligible for the 504 SBA
There are three parts to an SBA 504 Loan. The first part is a
mortgage provided by a commercial lender, which can take up to 50 percent of the cost. This carries its own
interest rate, terms and conditions. The second part is a loan through a certified development company, which can
take up to forty percent with a maximum debenture amount of $1,500,000 for most businesses, $2,000,000 when meeting
defined public policy goals, and $4,000,000 for eligible small manufacturers. This term can be as long as twenty
years, with ten years for equipment. The interest rate for this is fixed and usually below market. The third part
of the payment comes from the borrower, at around ten percent of the total cost. If the business is new, or a new
facility is being built with the loan, the borrower may have to contribute as much as twenty percent. The down
payment can be cash, equity in land, a building or existing equipment.
As the SBA 504 program can only be utilized to finance fixed
assets, it is not the most ideal program if a prospective buyer wants to finance the purchase of an existing
business. Goodwill, working capital, and other intangible assets are typically not eligible under the 504 program.
This is also a program for "new money" and it cannot be used for refinance. If someone needs to refinance or needs
to do a highly leveraged loan that is short on collateral, the SBA 7a program may be a viable alternative. Get more
This article has been provided courtesy of
ysploans.com. YSP Loans is a SBA
loan division of Griffin Capital Funding
offers SBA Loans and SBA small business loan with no personal guarantees, favorable loans
rates and good terms.
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